Baby Cap Crochet Pattern

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"I think many knitters, especially beginners, when knitting hats are faced with the same questions: how to determine the head circumference, if the model is not close? How to determine the depth of the cap? What diameter should be the bottom, if we crochet, starting from the top?  

Of course, when the one for whom you knit is near and you can constantly try on, all these questions are not so relevant, and if you knit as a gift, to order, prepare a dowry for a baby who has not yet been born, then it would be nice to have hand table in which all this info mation contained.

I myself have been browsing the internet a lot, collecting isolated information, copying tables. which I met, but they were all incomplete, inaccurate, I had to open the computer again and torment the search engine and needlewomen on the forums. Therefore, I decided to collect in one table all the information that will be needed for knitting hats) I will 

explain all the positions: 
1. Head circumference. 
We take a tailor's centimeter and measure the head in the widest part (best at a distance of 1.5-2 cm above the eyebrows, just above the ears and at the point on the back of the head that gives the greatest circumference. It is better to do this several times so that it does not turn out that knitted daughter, but it turned out to be)  
2. The diameter of the bottom.
  We need to determine the diameter of the bottom if we crochet the cap starting from the top of the head. To do this, we divide the head circumference by 3.14 (remember math)) In order not to run to the calculator each time, I considered everything in one fell swoop and drove the data into the table. 
Attention!!! It should be borne in mind that for a tight fit, it is necessary to subtract 0.5-1.5 cm from the received figure. 
Much still depends on: 
1) on the pattern - if you knit with columns without a nakida, and this mating does not stretch at all, then you can do nothing take away, if you knit an openwork pattern, or double crochets, you can take about 1 cm; 
2) from your knitting density - if you knit tightly, you should take less away, and if loose, then more; 
3) from whom you knit, if a child, it is better not to take much away from the number from the second column, as the head of the children grows and it is better to knit a bit with a reserve, so that you have enough for the season, and if you're lucky, then the next) For an adult, you can take away 1 cm and more so that the cap fits tightly on the head. 
4) from the yarn - cotton after washing can get a bit hooked, as well as wool, and acrylic and viscose stretch, when calculating the bottom diameter, this should also be taken into account. 
3. The depth of the cap, i.e. height of the received headdress.
We measure with a centimeter from ear to ear, through the crown, divide by 2 and add 1-3 cm, depending on how much we want to cover the ears. If it is not possible to measure, then we are guided by a table, but we must take into account that there are exceptions in every rule. Attention!!! The table shows the depth in the unfolded form, in the worn should be a little more. 
4. Age. 
 Everything is clear here)) This graph is just necessary in order to estimate the size approximately, if you cannot make measurements. 

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