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It took about 100 g of yarn,  
needles of two sizes (3.5 and 3).

1. Type on circular knitting needles No. 3 or 3.5 an even number of loops, corresponding to the girth of the face (in my case, 98 loops) and knit with a 1x1 elastic band 3-4 cm. 
2. After the elastic band,  knit 2 rows with the frontal stitch. 
3. That part of the loops that will be under the chin (in my example - 20 loops) temporarily leave (remove on a pin or auxiliary thread). 
The remaining loops (78) are knitted again with a rubber band, but not in a circle, but in the forward and reverse direction until we reach the required depth of the cap. 
4. Next, we knit a rubber band on the head, for this we use the principle of knitting the heel of the sock: Divide the loops into 3 parts (if the number of loops is not divided into 3 equally, add the extra loops to the middle part). We knit the 1st and 2nd parts, with the last loop of the middle part knitting together the front loop with the first loop of the 3rd part (52 and 53). Turn the knitting, remove the loop (53) and knit the middle part, knit the last loop of the middle part (26) together with the wrong one with the first loop of the 1st part (25). Turn the knitting again, remove the loop and knit the middle part, knit the last loop of the middle with the first loop of the 3rd part together with the front one. Turn knitting again, etc. Knit it until only the middle part loops remain. 
5. To continue knitting, you need to make a loop on the sides of the cap and re-enable the chin loops we left earlier. In this case, the total number of loops should be less than the original (in my example - 88 loops, instead of the original 98). Go back to the circular needles (it is advisable to take the needles for half of the number thinner, number 3, for example) and knit with an elastic band 1 * 1 in a circle 5-6 cm (neck height), for a very young child the height may be less, 3-4 cm. 
6. Continue knitting on thicker knitting needles (3.5). We expand the cape, adding 5-6 loops through the row in the back tracks, until the desired width of the cape is reached (I finally got 174 loops, that is, the gum was no longer 1 * 1 but 1 * 2 - 1 face and 2 purl). After that, knit a few more rows without increments, then close all the loops.

Pelerinku can be connected in a different way, expanding it on the principle of knitting raglan: the number of loops (neck circumference) is divided into 3 parts (1 part per front and back and 1 part per shoulders). If it is not equally divided by 3, we add the “extra” loops to the loops in front. From the “shoulder” loops we subtract 4 loops (these will be raglan lines). These raglan lines are knitted with purl loops, and on each side of them in each 2nd row we make nakida (in the next row we knit nakida with the seamy or seamy crossed, in this case the holes from the nakida will be smaller). We thus add loops to achieve the desired width of the cape. Then knit a few rows without extra garter stitch and close all the loops.

I counted on my yarn and head size, well, I was knitting not with an elastic band, but rice with braids ... I was knitting a cape like a raglan ...


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